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Stone Age III

Stone Age ArtStone Age art (called prehistoric art) refers to any art or work during the three above-mentioned periods of the Stone Age. Cupules are the oldest and the most predominant form of art during the period of Stone Age. Cupules are actually the cup-shaped hollow structure on the rock surface. It can be vertical, horizontal, or even inclined. Individual cupules are hard to find. Generally these are found in geometrical grouping patterns.

Although this cupules-creation was the major form of art in the Stone Age, it is significantly ignored by many archeologists. Recently, a famous archeologist Robert G. Bednarik has drawn the attention of all the other historians and archeologist towards this prehistoric art creation, cupules. He made it as a point that one of the reasons of ignoring these Stone Age art is that many of the experts don’t consider these as form of art.

Petroglyphs

The other main form of Stone Age art is Petroglyphs (also called rock art), which includes engravings, symbols, drawings, ideomorphs, cupules, and so on. This main form of Stone Age art as the name suggests found on the any type of rock surfaces. Dating from 2,500,000 to 200,000 BCE (the lower Paleolithic period), this form of Stone Age art continued to the end of the Paleolithic period. Petroglyphs, the main form of Stone Age art, can be seen in Africa, Asia, Europe, Americas, Australasia, and Oceania.

Cave painting and carving or sculpture (also known as parietal art or portable art) are the other two main forms of Stone Age art.

Mesolithic and Neolithic periods are known for monumental architecture, ceramic pottery, and early bronze sculpture. During these periods, rock paintings came into the open air and portable art, also called mobiliary art, became more prevalent.

New Stone Age–Origin of agriculture

Ancient Cave Painting. (40000 years old???)

Last period of Stone Age, Neolithic period, is also referred as New Stone Age. This prehistoric period is characterized by the development of animal husbandry and agriculture. Neolithic period of Stone Age is considered as the period of more settled life of human being.

The other very important form of art-related trend in the Neolithic period is the development of pictorial method of communication (a form of writing) and religion. Mesopotamia in Uruk is the first more settled city state of this era. The domestication of animals and plants distinguishes this New Stone Age from earlier Paleolithic and Mesolithic food gathering cultures. Neolithic period is actually the slow transition from food gathering to food producing cultures.

The earliest known development of this New Stone Age was in south west Asia (ca. between 8000 BC and 6000 BC) and later on it spreads through the Nile valley (Egypt), Europe, the Huang He valley (N China) and the Indus valley (India). Domestication of plants and animals leads to more settled life, which is actually the beginning of next prehistoric period, Bronze Age.

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