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Mughal Empire – The Emergence Of The Powerful Mughals In India

Prior to the Mughal Empire, the northern part of Indian subcontinent was segregated with several kingdoms. Even before their invasion, agriculture, textile, food processing, crafts, and medicine cherished in India; due to the availability of royal riches India was named as Golden Bird and this induced other foreign rulers to invade India. The theme of arts ran around lord Krishna and religious events, than day-to-day life.

The Mughals entered India in the year 1526. These Muslim rulers had the origin of Uzbekistan. Although there were Muslim rulers ruling India before the Mughals, this period find its unique place in the Indian History. The skill of warriors and artisans developed in this era.

Babur, the great

The Mughal Empire commenced in India through the emperor Babur, the founder. Babur was born at a small town named Andijan in Uzbekistan, in 1483, February 14th. He belonged to Mongol tribe, which included Persian and Turkish. Babur is his affectionate name, and the original name is Zahiruddin Muhammad. Babur was a culmination of strong determination, and physical strength.

Babur, lion in Persian language, was like a terror in war practices. He was a born genius and had amazing skills as a warrior. He had the capacity and aptitude to build a stable and fortune empire for his successors. he exercised by trekking in the mountains. Despite all his administrative chores, he spent time for arts and literature. His irresistible thirst for nature led him to build elegant gardens with sprawling lawns. All the parties in the palaces were conducted in this natural piece of land.

Babar came to throne at his age of twelve. And later his country was robbed off from him and he concentrated on India. Babur was confined to strict personal rules. He had the practice of protecting the women and children when he proceeded towards warfare, which was uncommon during those days. After securing a place, he just enclosed the arts with cultural values and distributed other amid his troops. His men vowed not to consume forbidden drinks. He extended his empire till Delhi and Agra.

Humayun, the soft hearted emperor

Babur was succeeded by his first son Nasiruddin Humayun. He was born in 1508, on March 6th. At his age of 22, he ascended throne of the Mughal Empire. Due to inexperienced ruler, the empire thrashed about unstable and faulty administration pattern. So Humayun was at distress during the initial period. Many other external forces such as Rajputs, Afghans invaded. In 1540, Humayun lost his empire and left for Iran and Sindh and married a Persian girl. Again with the help of Persian army after 15 years of time span, Humayun invaded the Suri Dynasty. He hit back the dynasty and recovered the empire. He included Pakistan, Afghanistan and India in his kingdom and ruled efficiently.

The local legends of Humayun period conveys that he just had some musk and he broke it into tiny pieces and served his well wishers, his men and the followers, when he wandered without any kingdom. Unlike Babur, Humayun was not a terror in the warfare. His aptitude was on mathematics and astrology. He was soft hearted and affectionate, despite all the betrayal by his brothers. He was excellent in painting. He encouraged the Persian painters to accompany with him to India. The blend of Persian, Iran and Central Asian style emerged in this period. A citadel constructed by Humayun, at Delhi, named as Din-Panah has fell under the destruction during the period of ShirShahSur.

Although he reached back the throne, he could not rule the empire for a long period. He had a slip and tumbled down the long stairs. That resulted in fractures in the skull. As there was lack of medical advancement, he died. But Humayun is always remembered in the history of India with his wonderful tomb in Delhi. It was constructed under the supervision of his widow Hamida Begum. The architecture of this tomb falls under the Iranian style. His empire was passed on to his son Akbar, the great.

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