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The Mughal Empire – Under The Rule Of Akbar And Jahangir

After the emergence of the Mughal Empire, both the initial rulers played important position in determining and skillfully managing the whole empire. As a successor to Humayun, Akbar entered into the throne. Akbar is the famous celebrity among the emperors of the Mughuls, and always remarked as Akbar, the great. Akbar’s birth year is 1542, on 23rd of November. He was born when Humayun was a nomad in Iran. Humayun was cheerful and distributed tiny musk to the well wishers. As interested in astrology, Humayun predicted Akbar to be a great emperor of the Mughals.

The childhood of Akbar was not luxurious, he himself to learn hunting, fighting in a warfare, and all other emperor skills. He was illiterate, yet had a thirst for knowledge and strong desire to learn innovative things. Hence he had built a spacious library, where there were array of scriptures and books. The courtiers were ready to read those books for curious Akbar. He had learned scholars in his court and he adorned arts, culture and literature. Many artisans flooded his palace to exhibit them to Akbar.

As he accepted the throne at his early age of 13, Bairam Khan General helped him with all the tasks in the empire. Later Bairam Khan, a nurse, Akbar’s aunt, individually tried to control Akbar at various period of his time, but Akbar was strong enough to inactivate them and administered the whole empire under his hands.

Akbar reign was a golden period among the Mughals. Miseries did not exist in his period, and the organization was so smooth. He treated all the religions, equally and therefore has many Hindus in high posts.

Art and architecture prospered and boomed in his reign. Agra fort is the ideal piece of sample for Akbar’s architectural aptitude. His exemplified building nature is very vivid through his capital city Fatehpur Sikri, which is now treated as world heritage site. The Ajmer fort, the Allahabad fort, the Lahore fort, the gateway towards a guesthouse in Humayun’s tomb and the amazing mosque, the Jama Masjid are some of other outstanding historical symbols of Akbar’s reign.

Three sons were born to Akbar and two among them died at their young age. The last one was Prince Jahangir. Both father and the son had frequent revolt and battles. This resulted in ill health and in 1605, Akbar, the great died. People in his empire grieved for the death of their renowned emperor. An astonishing and magnificent tomb was erected in Agra.

Jahangir, the eminent

Nuruddin Salim Jahangir was born in the year 1569, 31st August. He took the empire and strengthened as his ancestors. Jahangir was named as learned politician, than a brutal king on wars. He adorned fine things on life. Unlike his father Akbar, Jahangir received an ideal education in that period. And Akbar took special care on the education of his son. At the tender age of 4, many scholars on Urdu, Persian, Turkish, Arabic, mathematics, history, geography, sciences were admitted to teach Jahangir. At 12, he was able to command a regiment alone in Kabul campaign.

This eminent king had multiple wives from noble families. Although his successor was though Jagat Gosain, Noor Jahan played an eminent role in Jahangir’s political life in strengthening the Mughal Empire. He encouraged the enhancement of paintings, poetry, dance, music, sculptures etc. he adorned literature and wrote his autobiography. His collection of paintings is conserved in the museum. “Chain of Justice” consists of golden chain with big bang bells at the entrance of his palace. The one who wishes personal hearing from the king could pull and call him.

Jahangir was a wonderful conversationalist. He collected precious stones and designed Shalimar-Bagh, Persian style garden in Kashmir. He adorned flowers and animals. Jahangir died in 1627 and was peacefully buried under the tomb at Shahdra, in Pakistan.

After Jahangir’s reign, Shah Jahan took the throne of the Mughal Empire.

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